The lens of the eye is mainly composed of water and proteins. As we get older these proteins may begin to come together and cloud the lens. This clouding is called the cataract. Cataract surgery is the removal of the affected cataract from the eye and insertion of an artificial lens.
Before surgery you will be given eye drops to dialate your pupil. Area around eye will be washed and cleansed. Local anasthetic will be injected around your eye. You may also be offered a sedative. Most cataract surgeries last for more than one hour.
Types of cataract surgeries:
There are two types of cataract surgeries. The first procedure is phacoemulsification. In this procedure, the surgeon looks through an operating microscope and makes 3 small incisions less than one inch long in or near the cornea. An opening is made through the capsule of the lens and an ulstrasound probe is used to break the cloudy lens into tiny fragments. These fragments are vaccumed out through the incisions. Then an artificial intraocular lens is inserted. Intraocular lens is made of plastic, silicone or acrylic compounds. Stiching are generally not necessary in this procedure.
Another type of cataract surgery is called the Micro Phaco Cataract Surgery. It is nicknamed as pinhole surgery, as the incision size was very small. Faster healing and quicker rehabilitation is the main advantage of Micro Phaco Cataract Surgery. This surgery is ideally suited for people who want to start working soon after surgery. As this procedure is safer than conventional Cataract Surgery, patients with higher risk profile like diabetics and nephrology ideally opt for this procedure and is also the best option for complicated eye surgeries.
Neera Eye Center is a comprehensive eye health facility located in Delhi. It is one of the leading eye centers in the country, offering state-of-the-art modern diagnostic, therapeutic, and rehabilitative services of the highest quality in ophthalmology.
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